The Czech Republic has underwent many changes in the 20th century, first after World War I it broke away from the Austrian-Hungarian Empire becoming Czechoslovakia. After the Second World War the nation fell under the Soviet communist regime. This was a very arduous oppressive part of its history. It wasn’t until 1989 that the country emerged from the iron curtain and peacefully became the CzechRepublic, joining the European Union in 2004.
Located in the middle of Europe, the country is surrounded by Germany just to the northwest, Poland to the northeast, and Austria and Slovakia to the south. The population is approximately 10 million people. The CzechRepublic shows all indications of a prosperous country. Demand is especially driven within the country and Germany has become a very important trade partner. Government run public services have slowly been restructured and the Euro currency has provided a very strong monetary base. The currency is the Czech Koruna which is approximately .046 US.
The CzechRepublic is encircled by the Bohemian mountains; two large rivers flow through namely the Elbe and the Vltava. The climate is characteristically continental; in the winter temperatures range from 14 F to 35 F and the mountainous areas get plenty of snowfall.The summers are cool with temperatures ranging from 57 F to 73 F. Ethnic majority is Czech and the largest minority are Moravian.
There are many small villages that are pleasurable to visit. The closed off influence of communism makes one feel that time has been reversed. Worthy stops in the country are Moravia located in the mountains and dominated by spas. One more stop to be made would be in the central Bohemians in a town called Kutna Hora which is out of the way and unblemished by tourism. The town is known for its charming architecture of both Baroque and Goth styles.
Prague has become the heart and soul of the CzechRepublic. It is currently one of the most popular European tourist destinations. The city is brimming with mythical architecture such as medieval churches, a maze of cobblestone passages and surrounded by an 11th century castle. The night life is very sophisticated for quite a small city; there is sure to be entertainment to please everyone and for every type of budget. Going out is easy on the pocket book certainly in comparison to other European cities. Restaurants serve modern fare and as well one can find typically traditional simple menus. Czech people are warm and unassuming toward visitors. Folklore costumes are worn for festive occasions and are based upon the region the people live in. These are a source of great pride and the adornments for each are placed with great care. Each feature such as the head scarf for the woman signifies individual dignity.
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